To the central content area
:::

Climate change response policies

line sharePrint Content
I.
  • Foundations of climate legislation

    To show our country’s willingness to fulfill its common responsibility in protecting the planet, and to regulate the cross-departmental mitigation mechanism, the "Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Management Act" was promulgated by president on July 1, 2015.

    Climate change is a global challenge to all humanity. Under the server impact, the Environmental Protection Administration of Executive Yuan (the EPA) proposed an amendment of "Greenhouse Gas Management Act" and revised its name to the “Climate Change Response Act” (the Act) to accelerate national carbon reduction actions and enhance the capacity in responding climate change. The amendment was approved by the Executive Yuan on April 21 in 2022 and submitted to Legislative Yuan for deliberation, and passed its third legislative reading on January 10, 2023. It was officially announced and implemented by the President on February 15, 2023.

    The "Climate Change Response Act" includes 7 chapters and 63 articles. The key elements of the amendment includes: incorporating the 2050 net-zero emissions target, establishing authority and responsibility among agencies, adding the section of just transition, strengthening emissions control and incentive mechanisms to enable emissions reduction, introducing carbon fee with dedicated usage of revenues, adding a chapter on climate change adaptation, incorporating carbon footprint and product labelling management scheme, as well as improving information transparency and citizen participation mechanisms.

Links

II.
  • Policies of climate governance
    1.
    • National Climate Change Action Guideline (Action Guideline)

      The EPA formulated the "National Climate Change Action Guideline" (hereinafter referred to as the "Action Guideline") in accordance with Paragraph 1, Article 9 of the Act, which was approved by the Executive Yuan on February 23, 2017, serving as the principles and policies for Taiwan's greenhouses gas mitigation and climate change adaptation. The Action Guideline takes into account the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals for 2030. It upholds the spirit of taking both mitigation and adaptation into consideration and sets out basic principles for Taiwan to respond to climate change. The policy includes 6 major sectors of greenhouse gas reduction, 8 major areas of climate change adaptation, which also respond to the feedback and various opinions.

      According to Paragraph 2, Article 9 of the Act, the Action Guidelines shall be reviewed at least once every four years by the central competent authority, taking into consideration the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), its agreements and/or related international conventions, together with domestic circumstances. Align with the importance of mitigation and adaptation as well as in responding the Taiwan’s Pathway to Net-zero Emission in 2050 and key strategies, the EPA promoting the amendment of the Action Guideline in 2023, which incorporating the 2050 net-zero emissions target, adding the section of just transition, carbon fee and emission trading, capacity of risk assessment and natural base solutions as basic principles; the main policies and measurements of this Action Guideline amendment is based on Taiwan’s Pathway to Net-zero Emission in 2050, and is supplemented by strengthening climate legislation, technology and cultivate talents in this field.

    Files

    2.
    • Greenhouse Gas Periodic Regulatory Goals

      To achieve the national long-term Greenhouse Gas reduction goal, in accordance with Article 10 of the Act, a five-year implementation plan is established and made available to the public after approval by the Executive Yuan. The content includes:

      (1) national periodic regulatory goals,
      (2) periodic regulatory goals for the sectors of energy, manufacturing, businesses and residences, transportation, agriculture, and environment,
      (3) the periodic goals for electricity sector carbon emission factors.

      Furthermore, the Executive Yuan has respectively approved the first and second phases of Taiwan's regulatory goals for greenhouse gas emissions on January 23, 2018, and September 29, 2021. The progress of emission reductions will be periodically reviewed.

    Long-term Path for National GHG Emissions Reduction
    Long-term Path for National GHG Emissions Reduction
    3.
    • Sectoral Greenhouse Gas Reduction Action Programs (Sectoral Action Programs)

      According to Article 11 of the Act, the central industry competent authorities shall formulate and revise Sectoral Greenhouse Gas Reduction Action Programs in accordance with the Action Guideline and periodic regulatory goals. The six major sectors will collectively assume the responsibility for carbon reduction and strive to achieve the carbon reduction targets in a phased manner. The First Sectoral Action Program (2016-2020) was approved by the Executive Yuan on October 3, 2018, and the Second Sectoral Action Program (2021-2025) was approved on September 16, 2022. Furthermore, each sector shall prepare a report on the results of its Action Program every year to review the implementation status and propose improvement measures.

    4.
    • Greenhouse Gas Reduction Implementation Programs (Reduction Implementation Programs)

      According to Article 15 of the Act, special municipality, county and city competent authorities shall formulate and revise the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Implementation Programs in accordance with the Action Guidelines and Sectoral Action Program, and deliver annual reports on the results of the Reduction Implementation Program to review the implementation status and propose improvement measures.

III.
  • Net-zero transition pathway

    Given the emerging global trend towards achieving net-zero emissions in recent years, Taiwan officially announced “Taiwan’s Pathway to Net-Zero Emissions in 2050” in March 2022, which provides a trajectory and action path to 2050, in order to promote technology, research and innovation in key areas, guide the green transition of industries, drive economic growth, and promote green financing and increased investment at various key milestones to ensure a fair and smooth transition period.

    Taiwan’s Pathway to Net-Zero Emissions in 2050 is based on the 4 major transition strategies of “energy transition,” “industrial transition,” “lifestyle transition” and “social transition”, as well as the 2 governance foundations of “technology R&D” and “climate legislation,” and is supplemented by "12 key strategies.” It aims to develop action plans for key areas of expected growth with regard to energy, industrial, and life transitions to implement net-zero transition goals.

    4 strategies+ 2 foundations
    4 strategies+ 2 foundations
    12 key strategies.
    12 key strategies.
IV.
  • International exchange affairs

    As a member of the global community, our country has long adhered to the provisions of the Paris Agreement and committed to enshrining the 2050 net-zero emissions target into law. In line with the spirit of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which requires regular disclosure of climate policies, progress, and achievements by all UN parties, we ensure transparency and accountability in our climate actions.

    1.
    • National Communication

      Our country has submitted the 2002 and 2011 editions of the National Communication successively, and issued the "2018 National Communications of the Republic of China (Taiwan)" under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in accordance with the Greenhouse Gas Management Act, fulfilling the requirement to prepare a National Communication every three years, while establishing the specifications and chapter structure to complete the "2021 National Communication of the Republic of China (Taiwan)," which includes 8 Chapters, namely “National Conditions and Basic Environmental Information,” “Statistics and Trend Analysis of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Absorption,” “Greenhouse Gas Reduction Policies and Measures,” “Greenhouse Gas Emission Prediction,” “Impacts of Climate Change and Adaptation Measures,” “Climate Change Scientific Research and Observations,” “International Collaboration and Exchanges,” and “Education, Training and Communication with the Public.”

      By compiling and releasing the "2021 National Communication of the Republic of China (Taiwan)", we not only echo the spirit of transparency reinforced by the Paris Agreement, but also wish to share with the world the results of Taiwan’s proactive response to the global climate emergency challenge, and to thank all sectors in Taiwan for their long-standing concern and participation in climate action. In the future, we will continue to contribute to global climate action.

      Files

    2.
    • National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report (NIR)

      The National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report of the Republic of China (Taiwan) carried out the statistics and compilation in accordance with the 2006 IPCC Guidelines to actively demonstrate the efforts and resolution to abide by the convention. The NIR was firstly published in 2014 and updated annually, providing an overview on greenhouse gas inventory statistics to reflect the GHG trends in Taiwan.

     Files

    3.
    • Nationally Determined Contribution

      To shoulder emission-reduction responsibilities with other nations, Taiwan announced its intended nationally determined contribution (INDC) in accordance with the decisions of the 20th Convention of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC COP20) on 17 September 2015. The EPA has set a carbon emission reduction goal of a 50% cut from the expected business as usual (BAU) level by 2030, equal to reducing emissions by 20% below the 2005 level, with a future direction toward 50% lower than the 2005 level.

      Taiwan’s nationally determined contribution is based on its 2015 INDC. The updated nationally determined contribution (NDC) aims to enhance the reduction target further to 23-25% by 2030, with reference to Article 3 of the Paris Agreement (common but differentiated responsibilities) ensure a basis to strengthen reduction ambitions, and endeavor to reach the net-zero emission goal by 2050.

    Files

Source: 
Climate Change Administration
Updated: 
2023-11-27
Hit: 
2442