According to Article 5 of the Waste Cleanup Act: the recycling, removal, and treatment of general waste are handled by the Environmental Protection Bureau of the special municipality in a directly governed municipality, by the Environmental Protection Bureau of the provincial-controlled municipality in a provincial-controlled municipality, and by the township (town, city) office in a county for recycling and removal, and by the County Environmental Protection Bureau for treatment. When necessary, the county may commission the township (town, city) office to carry out the treatment work. Therefore, the final disposal facility for general waste, namely the landfill, is managed and operated by the Environmental Protection Bureau in directly governed municipalities/provincial-controlled municipalities, while in counties, the landfill sites are mostly managed by the township offices in the areas where the landfills are located, under the supervision of the County Environmental Protection Bureau.
Environmental Management Administration (EMA) is responsible for counseling and improving the operational efficiency of landfill sites nationwide. Since 2013, comprehensive audits have been conducted on public landfill sites in operation, and the three-level inspection system has been implemented to ensure responsible management. Audits and supervision are conducted to enhance the operational efficiency of landfills and transfer stations, and to ensure the quality of environmental facilities.
The three-level inspection system is divided into three hierarchical units: waste management facilities management units, county/city environmental protection bureaus, and the Environmental Management Administration (EMA).
- Level 1:
Managed by public landfill and waste transfer station management units (entrusted and supervised by township/city governments), they carry out Level 1 self-inspections. They regularly conduct independent inspections of the facilities they manage, assessing their condition and operational status.
- Level 2:
Managed by county/city environmental protection bureaus, they conduct Level 2 inspections for public landfills and waste transfer stations within their jurisdiction. They review the performance of the Level 1 inspections conducted by the facility management units and assess the operational status of the facilities.
- Level 3:
The Environmental Management Administration, together with the environmental protection bureaus and facility management units, conducts Level 3 audits on-site. They audit the operational status of waste treatment facilities and assess the progress made in addressing any deficiencies.