In the environmental impact assessment (EIA) process of our country, there are three main roles: "developer," "the industry competent authority," and "EIA competent authority." Development activities that meet the "Standards for Determining Specific Items and Scope of Environmental Impact Assessments for Development Activities" should undergo an environmental impact assessment. The developer conducts the EIA according to the "Operational Regulations for Environmental Impact Assessments for Development Activities" and presents the environmental impact statement to the industry competent authority. After confirmation by the industry competent authority, the environmental impact statement is forwarded to the EIA competent authority. The EIA competent authority's EIA review committee reviews the document. If the review passes, the EIA competent authority announces the review conclusion, and the developer holds a public explanatory meeting.
If the review concludes that there is a significant impact on the environment, it proceeds to the second phase of EIA. The developer must distribute the environmental impact statement to relevant agencies and hold a public explanation meeting. After the meeting, the EIA competent authority invites the industry competent authority, relevant agencies, groups, scholars, experts, and representatives of local residents in order to define the scope of assessment. The developer drafts an environmental impact assessment report considering the opinions from various stakeholders, and submits it to the industry competent authority. After the on-site inspection and public hearing, the industry competent authority forwards the draft environmental impact assessment report to the EIA competent authority for review. If approved, the EIA competent authority announces the review conclusion and publishes it in an official gazette. The industry competent authority may not grant permission for a development activity prior to the completion of an environmental impact statement review or the authorization of an environmental impact assessment report; permission granted in violation of this regulation shall be invalid. However, the developer may submit an alternate plan to the EIA competent authority for a new review.
- Ministry of Environment