Biomass refers to various organisms derived from animals and plants, including vegetables, fruits, meat, seafood, and inedible parts generated during the production process, such as stems and leaves of fruits, livestock and aquatic scraps, and oysters shells, etc. In addition, wood and bamboo products as well as paper made from wood and bamboo are also parts of the category of biomass. Waste biomass can be categorized into outputs from agriculture, manufacturing, and domestic consumption. Each sector (agriculture, industry and commerce, civil society, etc.) has its own administrative management department, which establishes relevant management regulations for the waste biomass. The biomass circular promotion strategies involve four aspects: source reduction, energy resources reutilization, circulation network, innovative technologies and systems. It's expected to facilitate the circular utilization through collaboration with various ministries and industries from multiple perspectives (Figure 1).
- Ministry of Environment